PLM Concept Set, End of Life Vehicles, QLM

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2PLM Newsletter

John Stark Associates                                                                                                                                               April 12, 2010 - Vol13 #1

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PLM Concept Set - What Everybody Needs To Know
by Roger Tempest
I was asked about PLM knowledge by a manager at a $2bn US company. With striking use of the vernacular, he wanted to know: "What are the PLM fundamentals, that if we don't follow, somebody should slap us?"

The PLM Standards Workshop in Oxford generated the answer - the 'PLM Concept Set'. These are the definitions and principles that everyone needs to know in order to understand PLM correctly.

By lunchtime on the second day the Workshop had the drafts of a number of standards that could be written up and published. However, would it be sufficient just to print them out and hand them to somebody, and expect that person to be able to apply them?

You would need to know some basic fundamentals about PLM in order to understand how and why the standards are likely to work in your company. Almost everyone who has worked in PLM for some time knows these concepts implicitly, but they have never been formally defined.

PLM managers, vendors, integrators and consultants all speak the same "PLM language", and share some vague kind of common experience, but what is it that experienced PLM people know that someone new to the role would not?

Obviously, you need to be able to explain what you are working on, so the Concept Set begins with two standard definitions:- PLM; and the relationship between PLM and PDM.

You need to appreciate that PLM always acts on the business from an enterprise context; to be able to know how far PLM has progressed through your current organisation; and to know how much effect it has on your business.
This involves three concepts:-
  • 'Enterprise Down'
  • PLM Permeation
  • PLM Traction

Finally you need a standard definition for the future PLM state that you are aiming for: PLM Maturity; and for the best way of getting there: PLM Best Practice.

It is important to note that the PLM Concept Set is not "rocket science" - it is merely the embodiment of fundamental PLM ideas into an industry standard grouping. Its value lies in formalising, in a very simple way, a standardised base point for PLM expertise.

As well as creating a common PLM language, standards also enable accurate analysis of PLM issues that were previously thought too difficult to resolve. The Oxford Workshop defined a new standard for Product Structure, which for many companies is an area of massive complexity. When the PDM Definition from the Concept Set is combined with the primacy of 'As-Designed' data from the Product Structure, many spurious viewpoints of the PLM-ERP scenario are discounted. This makes the picture much simpler and paves the way for a PLM-ERP standard later in the year.

The PLM Concept Set is published on the PLMIG web site, and the Product Structure Standard is contained in the Q1 2010 issue of the PLM Journal.


Roger Tempest is co-founder of the PLMIG. You can comment or request more information via  

CL2M Case Study 1 : End of Life Vehicles
by David Potter
The ELV (End of Life Vehicle) directive (EU/2000/53) introduced by the EU in 2000 addresses pollution arising from vehicles that have reached the end of their useful life. The directive specifies thresholds for the reuse, recycling and recovery of materials from ELVs.

By 2006 the ratio of materials in an ELV which should be reused, recycled or recovered was set at 85% of the total vehicle weight. This is set to increase to 95% by 2015.

This case study is based on the first of 10 commercial applications developed during the EU PROMISE Project. It showed how information collected during the Beginning- and Middle-Of-Life phases of a private passenger vehicle could be used to improve decision making and materials tracking, contribute to the achievement of the ELV targets and influence new product design:
  • Marketing and Engineering can derive useful information from End-Of-Life (EOL), identifying for example over-designed components/subsystems.
  • Engineering is able to feed detailed data concerning BOM, materials, dismantling and processing back into design and manufacturing.
  • Data concerning the rate of recycling and reuse is of use for design purposes and for detecting potentially over-designed parts.
  • Information may be collected globally at vehicle level and/or locally at the subsystem level
  • Based on facts, decisions can be take whether detached parts may be reused as used spare parts directly or after some remanufacturing/repair
The primary focus of this application scenario was to enable a licensed vehicle dismantler to make:
  • the correct removal decision - whether removal for reuse (BOL or MOL), removal for remanufacturing (BOL), or disposal
  • the correct categorisation and analysis of various environmental usage statistics associated with specific components from the ELV
The application flow is as follows. On arrival at the dismantler the vehicle is deregistered and its ownership is transferred to the dismantler and processing instructions are provided.

The vehicle is identified by a top-level Product Embedded Information Device (PEID), which will indicate basic information; the type of vehicle, its ID, the assembly date.

Mission profile information, and statistics about the use of the vehicle and components (such as kilometres travelled, average humidity, external temperature and temperature in the engine area), are accessible. History of all maintenance activity, and of replaced parts (and their corresponding dates) is also available.

Components and subsystems that are worth reusing or remanufacturing are identified by and according to the information and work instructions downloaded from the back-end system, the PROMISE PDKM (Product Data Knowledge Management) system and its associated PROMISE Decision Support System (DSS).
Components and assemblies that are removed are identifiable through information stored on a local PEID. Besides the ID, information such as the manufacturing date, installation date and material code is available. Summaries concerning use, environmental conditions, history of maintenance activity, and the list of replaced parts and corresponding dates, are accessible. Routing instructions to the recycler/remanufacturer are made available.

The vehicle is tracked until the shredder. After reaching the shredder the vehicle is permanently deregistered and statistics are updated. The amount of information captured depends on the type of component concerned. Parts for re-manufacture will require more information than parts for recycling.

Closed-Loop Lifecycle Management (CL2M) ensures that the traceability of, and accountability for, materials can be assured through the processing of the relevant information gathered during all phases of the vehicle’s life.

The primary business benefit of this application is to turn legislative threats to the business into an opportunity, establishing a used parts business model for a major motor manufacturer and its affiliated agents. The use of whole-of-life lifecycle information increases the effectiveness of decision making regarding the re-use or recycling of components and enables regulatory requirements to be met.

The design and implementation of this application was in accordance with the PROMISE Architecture. The existing vehicle ECU (Electronic Control Unit) was exploited and enhanced as the top-level PEID. Vehicle components - such as clutch, alternator, starter motor and battery - were enabled with local PEIDs in the form of RFID tags with re-writable memory. PROMISE Data Services (middleware) was used to link the PEIDs with the back-end PDKM and DSS systems.

Readers who are registered at will be able to access the full public text of this PROMISE demonstrator case study by following this link: Case Study 1: End of Life Vehicles. There is no charge for registration.

In the next issue of the 2PLM newsletter, I will present the second in this series of case studies, dealing with the application of PROMISE technologies to engine remanufacturing for heavy construction machines.

David Potter is Chief Technical Officer, Promise Innovation International Oy, and former Chairman of the Project Steering Board of the EU PROMISE Project.

Inaugural QLM Consortium Meeting
by David Potter
The Inaugural QLM Consortium Meeting, Tuesday April 27, 2.00 - 5.30 pm, will be a working session during The Open Group's Rome Conference to plan the launch and initial scope of work of the consortium.

We are looking for innovators, enthusiasts, committed individuals and interested commercial partners to join the work of the consortium to help develop the framework.

Please register your interest at the following link: and you will be contacted.


David Potter is Chief Technical Officer, Promise Innovation International Oy, and former Chairman of the Project Steering Board of the EU PROMISE Project.


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PLM News

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Dassault Systemes announced completion of the transaction for IBM PLM's sales and client support operations. Details


Delcam reported 2009 sales at £31.8 million. Details

The IGE+XAO Group announced Consolidated Accounts for the first half of 2008/2009. Turnover was 10,369,899 euros. Details


Autodesk, Inc. announced that Mary T. McDowell has been appointed to Autodesk's board of directors. Details

Dassault Systemes announced Al Bunshaft was appointed managing director of DS Americas organization. Tom Emmrich was appointed senior vice president, world-wide Services, DS. Details


Autodesk, Inc. announced that Springboard Biodiesel is using Autodesk Inventor. Details

Cadence Design Systems, Inc. announced that Rohde & Schwarz used Cadence Virtuoso APS. Details

Dassault Systemes SolidWorks Corp. announced that BetaLED is using SolidWorks software. Details

Dassault Systemes announced that VF Corporation selected Dassault Systemes' ENOVIA V6 PLM solution. Details

EOS announced the purchase of one of their EOSINT P 800 systems by Royal Plastic Mfg. Details

Gerber Technology announced that the Tharanco Group has begun implementation of YuniquePLM. Details

Intergraph announced that BASF SE renewed its GAA with Intergraph for SmartPlant Enterprise. Details

Lattice Technology Inc. announced it is delivering solutions to Thatcham. Details

MSC.Software announced that METRA SpA acquired SimXpert from MSC.Software. Details

VISTAGY, Inc. announced that BAE Systems upgraded to FiberSIM 2009. Details

VISTAGY, Inc. announced that Sinomatech Wind Power Blade Co., LTD, purchased FiberSIM. Details

Z Corp. announced that Lund International is using Z Corp.'s portable 3D laser scanning technology. Details


Anark Corp. announced availability of Adobe product extensions which enable users to interactively interrogate 3D PDFs. Details

Cadac Organice announced support of AutoCAD 2011 in Cadac Organice 2010. Details

Cameleon Software announced it launched its new app on's ChatterExchange. Details

Catalog Data Solutions announced availability of CDS ModelServer Analytics. Details

Delcam announced the 2010 version of its CopyCAD reverse engineering software. Details

DriveWorks Ltd. announced DriveWorks Pro 7. Details

Elysium Inc. announced the release of NXdoctor. Details

Icona Solutions Ltd announced Details

Informative Graphics Corp. announced Brava 6.2 for IBM FileNet P8. Details

INUS Technology announced Inspectworks 2.0, Details

Kubotek USA announced the release of Validation Tool Version 9. Details

Lectra announced the release of its VectorTechTex FX 100 cutting solution. Details

Materialise released Magics Metal SG. Details

Mechdyne Corp. announced an updated Version of trackd. Details

Mentor Graphics Corp. introduced ReqTracer. Details

ModuleWorks announced the release of its CAM components, version 2010.3. Details

Oracle announced Oracle's AutoVue 20.0. Details

Pointwise announced that the latest release of its CFD meshing software includes support for 3Dconnexion's 3D mice. Details

Stratasys announced a new part support style for the FDM process, called SMART Supports. Details

TurboTools Corp. announced an integration link with Autodesk Inventor 2011. Details

Zuken announced the latest version of E3.series. Details


Lattice Technology Inc. announced that SEYS will be the newest reseller of the Lattice Technology Solutions. Details

mental images and Realtime Technology announced a technology licensing agreement. Details

MSC.Software announced that a new agreement has been signed with VI-Grade. Details

 Product                         Lifecycle                         Management: Paradigm for 21st Century Product                         Realisation

MS3D Technologies LLC. announced it has been selected by FreeDesign Inc. to sell the rights to its FreeDimension 3D surface modeling technology. Details

VISTAGY, Inc. announced a partnership with NS Solutions. Details

VISTAGY, Inc. and Assembly Guidance Systems announced they have integrated FiberSIM and Automatic Ply Verification. Details


Access Commerce announced that it has changed its company name to Cameleon Software. Details

CCE announced completion of over 20 years in the CAD interoperability business. Details

The CMS announced it will present the 26th Annual Coordinate Metrology Systems Conference (CMSC) from July 12-16 in Reno, Nevada. Details

FISHER/UNITECH announced it has been recognized as one of the 2010 "Michigan 50 Companies to Watch". Details

INUS Technology Inc. announced that Rapidform XOR3 is directly compatible with five leading CAD software applications. Details

Siemens PLM Software announced it is ranked among Fortune 500 corporations and U.S. government agencies in its support of HBCU Engineering Schools in the U.S. Details

Surfware, Inc. announced that sales revenues for Q1 2010 increased by 9.7% in comparison to the first quarter of 2009. Details

3D Systems announced that it has acquired Design Prototyping Technologies Inc. Details


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